Get Started with Paddle Boarding: 10 Essential Tips for Beginners

Get Started with Paddle Boarding: 10 Essential Tips for Beginners
Ainaina from SupyogaCostabravateaching paddle surf with BeXtreme SUP board
how to paddle surf
Ainaina from SupyogaCostabravateaching paddle surf with BeXtreme SUP board

Discover the top 10 essential tips for beginner paddle boarders, covering everything from proper technique to safety precautions. Experience the physical and mental benefits of this exciting water sport!

Introduction to Paddle Boarding

Paddle boarding is a fun, exciting, and rewarding water sport that can be enjoyed by people of all ages and skill levels. It provides an excellent full-body workout, allowing you to explore picturesque waterways while improving your balance and coordination. In this article, we’ll cover the essentials of getting started with paddle boarding and share ten tips to help beginners make the most of their experience.

Benefits of Paddle Boarding

paddle surf

Paddle boarding is not only an enjoyable and versatile water sport, but it also offers a range of physical and mental benefits. Here is a list of some of the key benefits:

  • Full-body workout: Paddle boarding engages your entire body, targeting muscles in your arms, legs, back, and core, providing a well-rounded workout that improves overall fitness.
  • Low-impact exercise: Paddle boarding is a low-impact activity, which makes it gentle on your joints and suitable for people of all ages and fitness levels.
  • Improves balance and coordination: The act of standing and maintaining balance on a paddle board improves your balance, coordination, and stability over time.
  • Cardiovascular fitness: Paddle boarding can be an effective form of cardiovascular exercise, helping to strengthen your heart, improve endurance, and increase overall fitness.
  • Stress reduction: Being out on the water and surrounded by nature can have a calming effect, reducing stress and promoting mental wellbeing.
  • Enhances focus and concentration: Paddle boarding requires focus and concentration to maintain balance and navigate through the water, which can help sharpen your mental acuity.
  • Builds core strength: Engaging your core muscles while paddle boarding helps to build and tone your abdominal and lower back muscles.
  • Increased flexibility: Paddle boarding involves a range of movements that can help improve your flexibility and range of motion, particularly in your shoulders, hips, and legs.
  • Exposure to nature: Paddle boarding offers the opportunity to explore various water environments, connect with nature, and experience the mental health benefits associated with spending time outdoors.
  • Social interaction: Paddle boarding can be a social activity, allowing you to bond with friends, meet new people, and share your passion for the sport with others.

With these numerous benefits, it’s no wonder that paddle boarding continues to grow in popularity as a fun and rewarding way to stay active and healthy.

Choosing the Right Paddle Board

paddle board begginers

Selecting the perfect paddle board for your needs is crucial to ensure a comfortable and enjoyable experience on the water. With a wide variety of paddle board styles, sizes, and materials available, it can be challenging to determine which board is best suited for you. Here are some key factors to consider when choosing your first paddle board:

  • Purpose: Start by defining your primary paddle boarding goals. Are you planning to paddle for leisure, fitness, touring, racing, or even practicing yoga paddle surf? Identifying your main objectives will help narrow down the type of paddle board that best matches your needs. For beginners, an all-around board is typically recommended, as it offers a good balance of stability, speed, and maneuverability for various activities and conditions.
  • Size and volume: The size and volume of a paddle board directly impact its stability and performance. As a beginner, you’ll want to choose a board with a higher volume, as this will provide greater stability and buoyancy. Generally, taller or heavier riders will require a larger board with a higher volume, while smaller or lighter riders can opt for a smaller board with less volume. When in doubt, consult a paddle board sizing chart or seek advice from a knowledgeable retailer.
  • Construction and materials: Paddle boards are typically constructed from foam, plastic, fiberglass, or epoxy. Each material has its own advantages and drawbacks in terms of weight, durability, performance, and price. For example, foam boards tend to be more affordable and beginner-friendly, while epoxy boards offer higher performance and durability. Consider your budget, skill level, and desired performance characteristics when selecting the material of your paddle board. 
  • Hull shape: The hull shape, or bottom design, of a paddle board affects its stability, speed, and maneuverability. There are two primary hull shapes: planing and displacement. Planing hulls are flat and wide, providing excellent stability and versatility for beginners and recreational paddlers. Displacement hulls are pointed and narrow, offering greater speed and efficiency for racing or long-distance touring. As a beginner, you’ll likely find a planing hull to be more suitable for your needs.
  • Fin setup: The fins on a paddle board help with tracking, stability, and maneuverability. Most paddle boards have a single fin or a 2+1 setup (two smaller side fins and one larger center fin). As a beginner, you’ll want to start with a single fin or a 2+1 setup, as these configurations offer good stability and tracking. As you gain experience, you can experiment with different fin setups to fine-tune your board’s performance.

Taking the time to choose the right paddle board for your needs will make learning to board an enjoyable experience. Our number one tip is to always buy from a reputable brand to ensure quality and support, the extra cost will pay off in the long run. By doing so, you’ll be able to fully appreciate the beauty and excitement of paddle boarding for many years to come.

Gearing Up for Paddle Boarding

paddle board begginers

  • Selecting the Right Paddle: The paddle is a critical piece of equipment for paddle boarding. Choose an adjustable paddle with a length of about 8 to 10 inches taller than your height. A carbon fiber or fiberglass paddle is lightweight and reduces arm fatigue, while aluminum or plastic paddles are more budget-friendly options.
  • Choosing a Personal Flotation Device (PFD): Safety is paramount when paddle boarding. A PFD is essential, as it can save your life in case of an emergency. Choose a comfortable, well-fitting PFD that doesn’t restrict your movements and meets local regulations.
  • Wearing Proper Attire: Your clothing should be appropriate for the weather and water conditions. In warm weather, wear quick-drying, moisture-wicking clothing, and consider applying sunscreen and wearing a hat to protect yourself from the sun. In colder conditions, wear a wetsuit or drysuit to help retain body heat.
  • Invest in a Leash: A leash keeps your paddle board attached to you, preventing it from drifting away in case you fall. Choose a leash that’s roughly the same length as your board, and consider a coiled leash to minimize drag in the water.
  • Opt for Water Shoes or Booties: Foot protection is essential, especially when paddling in areas with rocky bottoms or sharp objects. Water shoes or booties provide grip, protect your feet, and help maintain balance on the board.
  • Packing Essential Accessories: Bring along necessary paddle surf accessories like a dry bag to keep your belongings safe from water, a hydration pack to stay hydrated, and a waterproof phone case. Consider a portable waterproof speaker for entertainment and a waterproof watch or GPS device to track your progress and location.

Learning Basic Paddle Boarding Techniques

how to paddle board

  • Mastering the Launch: Start in shallow water where you can comfortably stand. With your paddle in one hand, walk alongside your board until it’s floating. Carefully climb onto the board, placing your knees on either side of the handle. Gradually, stand up one foot at a time, keeping your feet shoulder-width apart for balance.
  • Maintaining Balance: Keep your knees slightly bent and your back straight, looking towards the horizon. Focus on maintaining a relaxed, centered stance with your weight evenly distributed between both feet. Engage your core muscles for added stability.
  • Holding the Paddle Correctly: Grasp the paddle with one hand on the handle and the other on the shaft. Keep your elbows bent at a 90-degree angle, and make sure the blade is angled away from you, with the concave part facing forward.
  • Perfecting the Forward Stroke: Reach forward with your paddle, submerging the blade fully into the water. Engage your core and pull the paddle towards you in a straight line, following the contour of the board. Lift the paddle out of the water at your feet, and repeat on the other side to maintain a straight course.
  • Mastering the Reverse Stroke: To slow down or stop, use the reverse stroke. With your paddle submerged, push the blade away from your body in a straight line, following the contour of the board. Repeat on the other side as needed.
  • Executing the Sweep Stroke for Turning: To turn, use the sweep stroke. Reach forward and place the paddle in the water at a slight angle. Push the blade away from the board in a wide sweeping motion, tracing a half-circle shape. To turn in the opposite direction, repeat the sweep stroke on the other side.
  • Practicing the Step-Back Turn: For quicker turns, try the step-back turn. While maintaining balance, step one foot back towards the tail of the board, shifting your weight to the back foot. Perform a sweep stroke on the opposite side of your back foot. As you become more comfortable, you can increase the speed of the turn by stepping back further and leaning into the stroke.

By practicing and refining these tips of how to paddle surf, you’ll build a strong foundation and gain the confidence needed to tackle more advanced maneuvers and challenging conditions.

10 Essential Tips for Beginner Paddle Boarders

paddle board tips

Tip 1 – Start on Calm Waters

As a beginner, it’s best to start on calm, flat water with minimal wind and currents. This will allow you to focus on your balance and technique without the added challenge of rough conditions. Lakes, ponds, and protected bays are ideal locations for beginners. Spend ample time practicing in these calm conditions, gradually increasing your time on the water and the distance you travel. As you gain more experience and confidence, you can progress to more challenging environments like open water or areas with mild currents.  You can use this paddle boarding interactive map to find suitable locations to hone your skills.

Tip 2 – Learn the Proper Paddle Grip

Holding the paddle correctly is essential for efficient strokes and maneuverability. Hold the paddle with one hand on the T-grip and the other hand a comfortable distance down the shaft. This distance should be roughly shoulder-width apart. When paddling on your right side, your left hand should be on the T-grip and vice versa. Make sure your grip is not too tight to avoid fatigue and strain on your hands and wrists. Experiment with different grip widths and hand placements to find the most comfortable and efficient position for you.

Tip 3 – Maintain Good Posture

Keeping good posture while paddle boarding is crucial for maintaining balance and avoiding muscle strain. Stand with your back straight, shoulders relaxed, and knees slightly bent. Distribute your weight evenly across both feet, and avoid locking your knees or hunching your shoulders. Good posture will help you feel more stable and comfortable on the board, and also allow you to engage your core muscles more effectively when paddling. Practicing good posture on land can help improve your balance and comfort on the board as well.

Tip 4 – Keep Your Focus Ahead

It’s natural to want to look down at your feet or the board, but doing so can throw off your balance. Instead, focus on a fixed point on the horizon or the shoreline to maintain stability. Keeping your gaze ahead will also help you anticipate and react to changes in water conditions or obstacles in your path. As you become more comfortable on your paddle board, practice scanning the water around you while maintaining your balance, so you can safely navigate through various environments.

Tip 5 – Use Your Core for Stability

Engaging your core muscles is key to maintaining balance and generating power in your paddle strokes. When paddling, use your torso to twist and drive the paddle through the water, rather than relying solely on your arms. This will help you conserve energy, improve your stability, and increase your overall paddling efficiency. Core-strengthening exercises like planks, crunches, and yoga can help enhance your paddle boarding performance and reduce the risk of injury.

Tip 6 – Learn to Fall Safely

Falling is a natural part of learning to paddle board. When you fall, aim to land in the water away from your board to avoid injury. It’s also essential to know how to remount your board quickly and safely. To do this, grab the handle or the edge of the board, and kick your legs to lift your body back onto the board. Keep your center of gravity low as you climb back on to maintain stability. Practicing falling and remounting in a controlled environment, like a pool or shallow water, can help build your confidence and skills.

Tip 7 – Practice Makes Perfect

Like any new skill, practice is essential for improvement. Dedicate time to honing your paddle boarding techniques and gradually increasing the difficulty of your sessions. Try exploring new locations, challenging yourself with varying water conditions, or setting personal goals to track your progress and stay motivated. 

Joining local paddle boarding clubs, taking lessons, or participating in group outings can also provide valuable support, feedback, and camaraderie as you progress in your paddle boarding journey. As you become more experienced, consider trying different types of paddle boarding, such as racing, touring, or even yoga, to keep things fresh and exciting.

Tip 8 – Respect Nature and Others

Be mindful of your surroundings and respect the environment and other water users. Avoid disturbing wildlife, adhere to local regulations, and always dispose of trash responsibly. Educate yourself on the potential impact of paddle boarding on the environment, and adopt eco-friendly practices, such as using non-toxic sunscreens and avoiding sensitive habitats. 

When sharing the water with other paddle boarders, swimmers, or boaters, be courteous by maintaining a safe distance, yielding when necessary, and avoiding collisions. Communication and cooperation with other water users can help create a safe and enjoyable experience for everyone.

Tip 9 – Bring a Buddy

Paddle boarding with a friend can make the experience more enjoyable and provide an added layer of safety. Your buddy can help you spot potential hazards, offer tips and encouragement, and assist you in case of an emergency. Plus, exploring new locations and sharing memorable moments is more fun with a companion. If you don’t have a paddle boarding buddy, consider joining local meetups or clubs to connect with like-minded individuals. 

Alternatively, consider using a waterproof communication device, such as a walkie-talkie or smartphone in a waterproof case, to stay in touch with someone onshore while you’re on the water.

Tip 10 – Have Fun!

Above all, remember that paddle boarding is meant to be a fun and rewarding activity. Embrace the learning process, enjoy your time on the water, and don’t be too hard on yourself if you encounter challenges. With patience and practice, you’ll soon experience the joys of paddle boarding and discover the unique sense of freedom and adventure that this sport offers. As you progress, continue to set new goals, explore new locations, and share your passion for paddle boarding with others. The most important thing is to enjoy the journey and create lasting memories along the way.


Paddle boarding is an exciting and versatile water sport that offers numerous physical and mental benefits. By choosing the right equipment, learning basic techniques, and following our ten essential tips, beginners can quickly get started on their paddle boarding journey. Remember to practice, stay safe, and have fun as you explore the world of paddle boarding.

Frequently Asked Questions

how to paddle board

Can I paddle board if I don’t know how to swim?

It’s highly recommended that you know how to swim before attempting paddle boarding. However, always wear a personal flotation device (PFD) to ensure your safety on the water.

What’s the difference between an inflatable and a hard paddle board?

Inflatable paddle boards are made from durable PVC and can be deflated for easy storage and transportation. They generally provide more stability but less performance compared to hard boards. Hard paddle boards, made from materials like foam, fiberglass, or carbon, offer better performance and maneuverability but are bulkier and harder to store.

How do I know what size paddle I need?

A general rule for choosing the right paddle length is to stand the paddle upright and extend your arm above your head. The T-grip should be roughly at your wrist level.

How do I clean and maintain my paddle board?

After each use, rinse your paddle board with fresh water to remove salt, sand, and dirt. Make sure to dry it thoroughly before storing it. Regularly inspect your board for damage and repair any issues as needed.

Can I practice paddle boarding on land?

Yes, practicing on land can help you familiarize yourself with basic techniques and improve your balance. Try practicing standing up, maintaining good posture, and performing paddle strokes while standing on a soft, level surface like grass or a yoga mat.

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